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Economic expertise

Economic expertise

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Examination of documents of accounting, tax accounting and the reporting

Examination of documents on economic activity of enterprises and organizations

Examination of documents of financial and credit operations



 

 

 

Forensic financial and economic expertise - study of patterns of formation and reflection of information on financial and economic indicators of enterprises, formation of their statutory funds, corporatization, shares, bankruptcy and liquidation of enterprises, lease relations, targeted use of budget funds and funds for business transactions, which are in the process of inquiry, pre-trial investigation or court.

During the examination, research is carried out on the documents of accounting, tax accounting and reporting, which contain information about the circumstances of the case and help the court to achieve objectivity in making a decision. The results are drawn up in the form of an expert opinion.

 

The main task of economic expertise- is to verify the financial transactions reflected in the document flow of the enterprise.

Economic expertise includes types of expertise:

  • examination of accounting, tax accounting and reporting documents;
  • examination of documents on economic activity of enterprises and organizations;
  • examination of documents of financial and credit operations.

 

The objects of research in the examinations are:

  • primary documents (invoices, acceptance certificates, cash and bank documents, customs declarations, inventory descriptions, information on payroll, etc.);
  • accounting registers (cash books, warehouse accounting cards, registers of tax invoices, analytical accounting information, journals-orders, general ledgers);
  • accounting, financial and tax reporting reports of materially responsible persons, cash reports, reports on the use of funds provided for the report, balance sheets and financial statements, tax returns and reports).

 

Also, in the study can be used as sources of information other case materials:

  • acts of audit, documentary inspections of enterprises;
  • interrogation records, testimonies of accused and witnesses;
  • conclusions of experts of other specialties.

 

The need for examination of accounting documents, tax accounting and reporting arises when considering court administrative and criminal cases of misdemeanors, misappropriation of inventory, as well as civil lawsuits, when it is necessary to conduct an expert study of data on financial and economic transactions (loans, penalties, debt).

Examination of documents on economic activity of enterprises and organizations occurs when it is necessary to identify the real financial condition of the enterprise, identify violations, errors in accounting, breach of contract, tax evasion, investigation of the causes of accounts payable or receivable, etc.

In the process of conducting an economic examination analyzes the production and financial and economic activities of enterprises of various forms of ownership, suffered losses, losses, misappropriation of inventory.

 

 

 

Terms of service

The approximate terms are:

  • for forensic examinations - 20 days;
  • for expert research - 10 days.

The exact terms will be calculated at the time of order, taking into account the scope of the study and the current workload of specialists within the limits provided for paragraph 1.13. Section I "Instructions on the appointment and conduct of forensic examinations and expert research", approved by the Order of the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine 08.10.1998 № 53/5.

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